Two Japanese towns were the targets of a nuclear strike in 1945, during World War II, when an atomic bomb was launched on Hiroshima on August 6 and Nagasaki on August 9. Many thousands of people died suddenly.
This was the first and only time that nuclear bombs had ever been used in history. As a result, August 9 is designated as Nagasaki Day every year to encourage peace activism and raise public awareness of the consequences of the bombing of Nagasaki.
Even after the Hiroshima attack during World War II, it became impossible to persuade the Japanese war cabinet to declare surrender. As a result, the US bombed Nagasaki once more. On August 9, 1945, at approximately 11.02 a.m., the "Fat Man" bomb was dropped in the city.
Thousands of people died as a result of this nuclear strike on Nagasaki. The impact on the city was so great that many bodies were dissolved and dispersed beyond recognition, making it impossible to make accurate numbers. The city was spared much harm because of the nearby mountains, despite the nearly 10,000-pound bomb's weight.
Hiroshima Day: History, Importance, and Havoc
A B29 American bomber dropped the bomb at a distance of 1650 feet over the city. The long-waging war came to an end soon after the bombing's devastation when the then-emperor Hirohito surrendered his forces. Let's now consider the rationale behind choosing Nagasaki as the bombing target immediately following the atomic bombing of Hiroshima.
Back then, Nagasaki was a bustling, industrial metropolis. Two-thirds of the people living in Hiroshima were concentrated in Nagasaki. At that time, Japan conducted several cross-country military operations in China, the south-eastern areas of Asia, and the southwest Pacific. Consequently, this was a very important place for the transit of military forces by ships.
Japan engaged in combat with the US and its allies during World War II. The war in Europe came to an end on May 8, 1945, when Germany submitted. However, the Pacific War between the Allies and Japan went on. Japan's unconditional surrender was demanded by the Allies at the Potsdam Declaration in July 1945. Japan, however, disregarded this and persisted with its military efforts.
In particular, as Japanese forces opted to target Indochina with the goal of seizing the oil-rich regions of the East Indies, relations between Japan and the US deteriorated. In order to force Japan to surrender during World War II, US President Harry Truman, therefore, approved the deployment of atomic weapons.
The Manhattan Project's two types of atomic bombs from the 1940s were therefore employed. On August 6th, 1945, the city of Hiroshima received a uranium bomb called "The Little Boy," and on August 9th, Nagasaki received a plutonium bomb called "The Fat Man."
Little Boy, the nuclear bomb that dropped on Hiroshima, obliterated everything in a 2.5-kilometer radius. Over 28,000 people died as a result, and the property was destroyed.
Over 75000 people were killed when the plutonium bomb was dropped on Nagasaki. Many survivors had obvious signs of various cancer types. Even though the world recovered from the negative consequences that caused widespread destruction on that day, the victims at the epicenter sustained greater harm than other victims. Many people were frequently exposed to cancer, including cancer of the breast, lungs, and thyroid.
Tragically, pregnant women who were exposed to blasts had to miscarry or gave birth to kids who had birth abnormalities. These kids lived with difficulties and impairments their entire lives, which raised their risk of getting cancer. Many of the survivors of the attack were afflicted with debilitating physical and mental illnesses that were either incurable or left them permanently scarred. The bombardment had such a profound effect that it altered the genetic makeup of both people and animals.
The psychological health of many generations has been affected by radiation. Those who were attacked and survived the incident reportedly saw bodies that were burnt and unrecognizably damaged. The survivors in the city continue to develop illnesses like leukemia, thyroid, breast, and lung malignancies more frequently even years after the tragedy.
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